St. Petersburg - 2008

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This article is about the city in Russia. For other uses, see Saint Petersburg (disambiguation).
Saint Petersburg
Санкт-Петербург (Russian)
— Federal city —

Clockwise from top left: Saint Isaac's Cathedral rises over the city, Peter and Paul Fortress on Zayachy Island, Palace Square with the Alexander Column, Petergof, Nevsky Prospekt, and the Winter Palace

Coordinates: 59°57′N 30°19′ECoordinates: 59°57′N 30°19′E
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Northwestern[1]
Economic region Northwestern[2]
Established May 27, 1703[3]
Federal city Day May 27[4]
Government (as of March 2010)
- Governor Georgy Poltavchenko (acting)
- Legislature Legislative Assembly
- Total 1,439 km2 (555.6 sq mi)
Area rank 82nd
Population (2010 Census)[6]
- Total 4,848,700
- Rank 4th
- Density 3,369.49 /km2 (8,726.9 /sq mi)
Population (2002 Census)[7]
- Total 4,661,219
- Rank 4th
- Density 3,239.21 /km2 (8,389.5 /sq mi)
Time zone(s) MSD (UTC+04:00)[8]
ISO 3166-2 RU-SPE
License plates 78, 98, 178
Official languages Russian[9]
Saint Petersburg ALex russell(Russian: Санкт-Петербург, tr. Sankt-Peterburg, IPA: [ˈsankt pʲɪtʲɪrˈburk] ( listen)) is a city and a federal subject (a federal city) of Russia located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea. In 1914 the name of the city was changed to Petrograd (Russian: Петроград, IPA: [pʲɪtrɐˈgrat]), in 1924 to Leningrad (Russian: Ленинград, IPA: [lʲɪnʲɪnˈgrat]) and in 1991 back to Saint Petersburg.
In Russian literature and informal documents the "Saint" (Санкт-) is usually omitted, leaving Petersburg (Петербург, Peterburg). In common parlance Russians may drop "-burg" (-бург) as well, leaving only Peter (Питер, pronounced as "Piter"; IPA: [ˈpʲitʲɪr]).
Saint Petersburg was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on 27 [O.S. 16 May] 1703. From 1713 to 1728 and from 1732 to 1918, Saint Petersburg was the Imperial capital of Russia. In 1918 the central government bodies moved from Saint Petersburg (then named Petrograd) to Moscow.[10] It is Russia's second largest city after Moscow with 4.8 million inhabitants. Saint Petersburg is a major European cultural centre, and an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea.
Saint Petersburg is often described as the most Western city of Russia.[11] Among cities of the world with over one million people, Saint Petersburg is the northernmost. The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Saint Petersburg is also home to The Hermitage, the largest art museum in the world.[12] A large number of foreign consulates, international corporations, banks and other businesses are located in Saint Petersburg.



Taken: October 17, 2007
Uploaded: October 30, 2009