Guatemala

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Republic of Guatemala República de Guatemala (Spanish) Motto: "País de la Eterna Primavera" "Country of the Eternal Spring"[citation needed] Anthem: Himno Nacional de Guatemala National anthem of Guatemala Capital (and largest city) Guatemala City 14°38′N 90°30′W Official language(s) Spanish Demonym Guatemalan Government Unitary presidential Constitutional republic - President Álvaro Colom Caballero - Vice President Rafael Espada Independence from Spain - Declared (independence from Spain) 15 September 1821 Area - Total 108,890 km2 (106th) 42,042 sq mi - Water (%) 0.4 Population - July 2009 estimate 13,276,517 (68th) - July 2007 census 12,728,111 - Density 129/km2 (85th) 348.6/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate - Total $70.150 billion[1] - Per capita $4,884[1] GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate - Total $41.471 billion[1] - Per capita $2,887[1] Gini (2002) 55.1 (high) HDI (2010) 0.560[2] (medium) (116th) Currency Quetzal (GTQ) Time zone Central Time (UTC-6) Drives on the right ISO 3166 code GT Internet TLD .gt Calling code +502 Guatemala (pronounced /ˌɡwɑːtəˈmɑːlə/ ( listen); Spanish: República de Guatemala, Spanish pronunciation: [reˈpuβlika ðe ɣwateˈmala]) is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast. Its area is 108,890 km² (42,043 mi²) with an estimated population of 13,276,517. A representative democracy, its capital is Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City. Guatemala's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contributes to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot.[3] The former Mayan civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization, which continued throughout the Post-Classic period until the arrival of the Spanish. The Mayas live in Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, the southern part of Mexico and northern parts of El Salvador. Guatemala became independent from Spain in 1821, joining the Mexican Empire. After it became an independent country in its own right, it was ruled by a series of dictators, assisted by the United Fruit Company. The late 20th century saw Guatemala embroiled in a 36-year-long civil war. Following the war, Guatemala has witnessed successive democratic elections, most recently in 2007.

© All rights reserved – Georg Behrendt
 
Guatemala
Album was created 4 years 10 months ago and modified 4 years 10 months ago
    • No comments
    • 0 views
    • 0 visitors
    • 2 files
© All rights reserved – Georg Behrendt
 
Puerto Quetzal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Puerto Quetzal is Guatemala's largest Pacific Ocean port. It is important for both cargo traffic and as a stop-off point for cruise liners.
It is located in Escuintla department, alongside the city of Puerto San José, which it superseded as a port in importance to the country's maritime traffic during the 20th century.

Album was created 4 years 8 months ago and modified 4 years 8 months ago
    • No comments
    • 3 views
    • 3 visitors
    • 171 files