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Republic of Honduras
República de Honduras
Motto: "Libre, Soberana e Independiente" (Spanish)
"Free, Sovereign and Independent"
Himno Nacional de Honduras
National Anthem of Honduras
(and largest city) Tegucigalpa
Official language(s) Spanish
Recognised regional languages English, Garifuna, Miskito,and other indigenous languages.
Ethnic groups 90% Mestizo mixture of European and American Indian
Demonym Honduran, Catracho
Government Constitutional republic
- President Porfirio Lobo Sosa
- Vice President María Antonieta de Bográn
- President of the National Congress Juan Orlando Hernández
- President of the Supreme Court Jorge Rivera Avilés
Independence from Spain, First Mexican Empire, and the Federal Republic of Central America
- Declared 15 September 1821 (as part of Federal Republic of Central America)
- from the First Mexican Empire July 1, 1823
- Declared 5 November 1838 (as Honduras)
- Total 112,492 km2 (102nd)
43,278 sq mi
- 2010 estimate 8,249,574 (94th)
- 2007 census 7,529,403
- Density 64/km2 (128th)
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
- Total $33.631 billion
- Per capita $4,417
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
- Total $15.347 billion
- Per capita $2,015
Gini (1992–2007) 55.3 (high)
HDI (2010) 0.604 (medium) (106th)
Currency Lempira (HNL)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Drives on the Right
ISO 3166 code HN
Internet TLD .hn
Calling code 504
1 "Libre, soberana e independiente" is the official motto, by congressional order, and was put on the coat of arms.
2 Estimates explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected, as of July 2007.
Honduras i/hɒnˈdʊərəs/ (Spanish: República de Honduras [reˈpuβlika ðe onˈduɾas] "Republic of Honduras") is a republic in Central America. It was previously known as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize. The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.
Honduras was home to several important indigenous cultures, most notably the Maya. Much of the country was conquered by Spain who introduced its predominant language and many of its customs in the sixteenth century. It became independent in 1821 and has been a republic since the end of Spanish rule.
Its size is just over 112,492 km² with an estimated population of almost eight million. Its capital is Tegucigalpa. Its northern portions are part of the Western Caribbean Zone.
It is notable for its production of minerals, tropical fruit, and recently for exportation of clothing for the international market.