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Torshaven July 2009

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tórshavn
Thorshavn

Tinganes, Tórshavn old town

Nickname(s): Havn

Location in Faroe Islands
Coordinates: 62°0′42″N 6°46′3″WCoordinates: 62°0′42″N 6°46′3″W
State Kingdom of Denmark
Constituent Country Faroe Islands
Municipality Tórshavn municipality
Founded 10th century
Government
- Mayor Heðin Mortensen (Javnaðarflokkurin)
Area
- Land 158 km2 (61 sq mi)
Elevation 24 m (79 ft)
Population (2007)
- City 13,000
- Density 78/km2 (202/sq mi)
- Metro 20,000 (2,011)
- Metro density 125/km2 (323.7/sq mi)
population-ranking: 1st
Postal code 100
Website http://www.torshavn.fo/
Tórshavn (IPA: [ˈtʰɔuʂhaun]; Danish: Thorshavn) is the capital and largest town of the Faroe Islands. It is located in the southern part on the east coast of Streymoy. To the north west of the town lies the 347-metre (1,138 ft) high mountain Húsareyn, and to the southwest, the 350-metre (1,150 ft) high Kirkjubøreyn. The city proper has a population of 13,000 (2008), and the greater urban area a population of 19,000.
The Vikings established their parliament on the Tinganes peninsula in 850 CE,[1] thus Tórshavn was made capital of Faroe Islands and has remained so ever since. All through the Middle Ages the narrow peninsula jutting out into the sea made up the main part of Tórshavn. Sources do not mention a built-up area in Tórshavn until after the Protestant Reformation in 1539. Early on, Tórshavn became the center of the monopoly trade, thereby being the only legal place for the islanders to sell and buy goods. In 1856, the trade monopoly was abolished and the islands were left open to free trade. The town has grown rapidly ever since the turn of the 20th century into the undisputed administrative, economic and cultural center of the Faroes.

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