© Apostolou Stavros
Akropolis & Herod Atticus Theatre
- Ακρόπολις και θέατρο Ηρώδου του Αττικού.
It is the most important and characteristic monument of the ancient Greek civilization and still remains its international symbol. It was dedicated to Athena Parthenos, the patron goddess of Athens. It was built between 447 and 438 B.C. and its sculptural decoration was completed in 432 B.C. The construction of the monument was initiated by Perikles, the supervisor of the whole work was Pheidias, the famous Athenian sculptor, while Iktinos and Kallikrates were the architects of the building. The temple is built in the Doric order and almost exclusively of Pentelic marble. It is peripteral, with eight columns on each of the narrow sides and seventeen columns on each of the long ones. The central part of the temple, called the cella, sheltered the famous chryselephantine cult statue of Athena, made by Pheidias.
The Herodes Atticus Odeon was built in 161 by Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife, Aspasia Annia Regilla, on the south slope of the Acropolis hill. It was originally a steep-sloped amphitheater with a three-storey stone front wall and a wooden roof, and was used as a venue for music concerts.