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Family Rubanovich-fathers family

This album was created by Michael Rubanovitch - Danic’s father
I would like to tell about my ancestors and my family to show how history is reflected in one family and what is this family’s path as a constituent of our people.
The family history could be restored only since 1830, because my great-grandfather Yossel, who started the generations of Josifs (Jasha), was a royal soldier (kantonist)
And this is a whole chapter form the Jewish life in “civilized” Christian Europe. In the 19th century Jews in Russia lived in the so called Jewish Pale, which was included parts of modern Lithuania, Belorussia and Ukraine.
The ban for Jews to live in applied to all major Russian cities. Jews could attend only certain profession.
All Jewish settlements were obliged annually to supply soldiers-(kantoners) - children, who served in the army for 25 years. Because wealthy Jews did not want to give up their children, a renowned business took place - child racket. Children from poor families were kidnapped and often sold. Yossel Rubanovich was one of these children.
After 25 years of military service a soldier had the right to settle beyond the Pale. The city of Vyborg in the Great county of Finland, which was a part of Russia, was chosen. From there a part of the family moved to Narva, where my father, Jossif (Jasha) was born. Later they moved to Revel (Tallinn).
In this city my father finished the royal Nikolay gymnasium with gold medal and enrolled in Derpt (Tartu) university to become a doctor.
In the First World War my father was mobilized into the royal army, was captured by the german and later, with the formation of independent Estonia served in the Estonian army on an armoured train.
In 1940, after Soviet Army captured Estonia, the family lived through a series of arrests and deportation.
My oncle’s Benjamin’s family was deportated to live in Kirov province and Benjamin himself after multiple interrogations was confined in a concentration camp where he passed away in 1941.
The family of my aunt Minna Pessina was also deportated into Kirov province and Minna herself, who had to undergo a difficult operation and who stayed in Tallinn was brutally murdered in 1941 by “civilized” German and their Estonian henchmen.

Etot al'bom sozdal Michael Rubanovich - otec Dana s pomoschju brata-Grishi.
Mne hochetsja rasskazat' o moih predkah i sem'e,chtoby pokazat',kak istorija otrazhaetsja v odnoi sem'e,i kakov put' etoi sem'i,kak sostavnoi chastiy nashego naroda.
Istoriju sem'i udalos' vosstanovit' vsego lish' s 1830 goda, ibo moi praded Yossel,polozhivshii nachlo suchestvovanija mnogochislennyh i slavnyh Josifov(Jash}-byl nikolaevskim soldatom-kantonistom.
A eto celaja glava istorii zhizni evreev v "civilizovannoi" hristianskoi Evrope.

V 19 veke evrei v Rossii zhili v t.n. cherte osedlosti,kotoraja vkljuchala v sebja cast' sovremennoi Litvy,Belorussii i Ukrainy.Zapret na poselenie evreev rasprostronjalsja na vse krupnye goroda Rossii.

Evrei mogli zanimat'sja tol'ko opredelennymi professijami i remeslom.Vse evreiskie obschiny byli objazany ezhegodno postavljat' soldat-kantonistov-detei,sluzhivshih v armii 25 let.Poskol'ku bogatye evrei ne hoteli otdavat' svoih detei,to suschestvoval,izvestnyi nam biznes- reket detei.Pohishali iz bednyh semei detei,a zachastuju prodovali, i sdavali ih v armiju.Takov i byl Yossel Rubanovich.

Posle 25 letnei sluzhby v armii,nikolaevskii soldat imel pravo na poselenie vne cherty osedlosti.Vybor pal na Vyborg,gorod v Velikom knjazhestve Finljandii,vhodivshei v sostav Rossii.Ottuda chas' sem'i pereselilas' v Narvu,gde rodilsja moi otec Jossif(Jasha),a zatem i v Revel'(Tallinn).
V etom gorode otec zakonchil carskuju nikolaevskuju gimnaziju s zolotoi medal'ju i postupil v Dertpskii (Tartuskii )Universitet na medicinskii fakul'tet.V Pervuju Mirovuju Voinu otec byl mobilizovan v zarskuju armiju,popal v plen k nemcam,a zatem s obrazovaniem nezavisimoi Estonii,sluzhil v estonskoi armii na bronepoezde.

V 1940 godu,posle zahvata Sovetskoi Armiei Estonii sem'ja perezhila aresty i vysylku.Sem'ja moego djadi Benjamina byla vyslana na poselenie v Kirovskuju oblast',a sam Benjamin posle mnogochislennyh doprosov byl zakljuchen v koncentracionnyi lager',gde skonchalsja v 1941 godu.
Sem'ja moei teti Minny Pessinoi byla tozhe vyslana v Kirovskuju oblast',a sama Minna,pereneschaja tjazheluju operaciju i ostavshajasja v Tallinne,byla zverski ubita v 1941 godu "civilizovannymi" nemcami i ih estonskimimi prihvostnjami.
Vyderzhki iz "dela" Pessinyh:
PESSINA, Elfriede, Abram
juut, 1909, kaupluseomanik, arr. Tallinn, Aia 5b-9, erin. 20.06.42 §35, 3a.;
Sverdlovski obl. Vosturallag, parast vabanemist tuli 18.06.44 Eestisse.
02.50 saadeti Kirovi obl., vab. asum. 29.03.57. [978M]

Pessina, Ljubov, Abram,
хde, juut, 30.11.10, sekretar; Kirovi obl. Dorovskoi raj.,
1947 lubati Eestisse. 02.50 saadeti asumisele tagasi, vab. 29.10.57.

Pessina, Mirjam, Abram,
хde, juut, 19.09.14 Narva; Dorovskoi raj., 1947 lubati Eestisse.
02.50 saadeti asumisele tagasi, vab. asum. 29.10.57.

V 1940 godu v svjazi s "osvobozhdeniem" Estonii ot vlasti "kliki",nachalas' vysylka vrazhdebno nastroennyh elementov.V ih chislo i popala sem'ja moei teti Minny.
V 1940 godu Mire-26let,Ljube-30let,Fride-31 god.Mira i Frida zakonchili Tallinnskuju konservatoriju po klassu fortepjano.
Ljuba,podruga moei mamy,prekrasno znala russkuju literaturu i poeziju.Obladala horoshei pamjat'ju i znala naizust' ogromnoe kolichestvo stihov i poem, chto ei prigodilos' pri peressylkah etapom v tjur'mah.Chitala stihi ugolovnicam i u nih ona nahodila otklik v dushah.Oni ee v obidu ne davali.
Abramu-muzhu moei teti bylo - 65,magazin byl oformlen na imja starshei - Fridy i poetomu v lager' popala ona.
Abram Pessin byl slavnyi i sil'nyi duhom chelovek,zhizneljub,nastojaschii evreiskii starec,kakim ja ego zapomnil.Chelovek s bol'shim chuvstvom jumora.Posle pervogo vozvraschenija iz ssylki v 1947 godu ja zhil s nim v odnoi komnate,t.k. pervoe vremja Pessiny ostanovilis' u nas na Parnu mnt 6-41.
Tetya Minna-58 let,byla v to vramja tyazhelo bol'na i nebyla podvergnuta vysylke,pogibla ot nemcev v 10.08.1941.

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Rodoslovnaja Rubanovichei - 1(R-1)
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Rodoslovnaja Rubanovichei - 1(R-1)
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Rodoslovnaja Rubanovichei - 2(R-2)
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Rodoslovnaja Rubanovichei - 2(R-2)
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Semeistvo Rubanovich )Tallinn ,na serebrjanoi svad'be  Minny&Abrama  Pessinyh 1928(R-3)
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Semeistvo Rubanovich )Tallinn ,na se…
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Moi dedushka i babushka (papiny roditeli)(R-4)
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Moi dedushka i babushka (papiny rodi…
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Pecshe(Pasha)-Vera-Dweire Rubanovich (Goldberg)(26 02 1860-18 01 1938) (R-5)
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Josif Rubanovich 1902(R-6)
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Josif Rubanovich 1902(R-6)
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Hirsh(Grisha) Rubanovich,Abram Pessin,Yossif Rubanovich1908 god(R-7)
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Abram Pessin,Yossif Rubanovich,Benjamin Rubanovich 1919god(R-8)
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Rebekka Rubanovich-Stark (17 02 1890-29 03 1968)(R-9)
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Rebekka Rubanovich-Stark (17 02 1890…
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Belaja babushka letom 1930 goda(R-10)
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Belaja babushka letom 1930 goda(R-10…
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Babushka Pasha otdyhaet v Haapsalu.09.1929 god(R-11)
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Babushka Pasha otdyhaet v Haapsalu.09.1929 godObratnaja storona(R-12)
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Babushka Pasha,Sonja,Revekka,Noson,Nina,Isaak Stark(R-13)
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Babushka Pasha.(R-14)
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Babushka Pasha.(R-14)
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Babushka Pasha(R-15)
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Babushka Pasha(R-15)
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Babushka Pasha  v shljape.(R-16)
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Babushka Pasha v shljape.(R-16)
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Sonja Pasternak,Nina,Berta s det'mi(R-17)
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Sonja Pasternak,Nina,Berta s det'mi(…
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Benjamin  i Anna Rubanovich(Abramson) so svoimi vnuchkami Avivoi i Mifoi( R-18)
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Rebekka,babushka Pasha,Grisha,Jasha( R-19)
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Minna,Frida,Grisha,Abram Pessin,Jasha(R20)
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Jasha s druz'jami ?(R21)
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Jasha s druz'jami ?(R21)
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Rebekka Pasternak-Matsov(R22)
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Rebekka Pasternak-Matsov(R22)
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Jasha(R23)
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Jasha(R23)
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Jasha(R24)
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Jasha(R24)
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