Any horse that was bred by or ever owned by the Blunts whether it be at their Sheykh Obeyd Stud in Egypt or at the Crabbet Stud in England. Also any horse that was bred by or ever owned by the subsequent owners of Crabbet Stud until it's demise.
GSB (incl. Crabbet):
Any horse that was registered in Wetherby's General Stud Book (GSB), which is the registering body for Thoroughbreds in England and also was the Arabian Registry before the Arabian Horse Society of England came into being.
The horses imported by Homer Davenport from the Desert.
Any horse that was bred and/or foaled in Poland. The pre-WW I Russian horses are also included in this category. Many of the horses we traditionally consider Polish were actually bred in what was then Russia but have survived only through the Polish pedigrees. Skowronek is also included in this category, though he was foaled at a geographical location that was, and still is, inside the Russian border.
Any horse that was bred and/or foaled in Egypt. Includes horses that are not considered 'Straight Egyptian' by the Pyramid Society, such as the descendants of Registan for instance, and some of the old European horses that originated in Egypt.
Note: This percentage does NOT include the Blunt Desertbreds unless they are present in the pedigree thrugh their Egyptian connections. For instance Gulastra, who is considered 'Straight Egyptian' by the Pyramid Society, is actually only 62.5% Egyptian, the remainder being the Blunt Desertbred horses Hadban, Rodania, and Queen of Sheba.
Any horse that was bred and/or foaled in Spain.
Any horse that was bred and/or foaled in Russia after the inception of the Tersk breeding program around 1930.
Any horse bred by WK Kellogg, foaled at the Kellogg Ranch, or imported by WK Kellogg. Does not include horses bred after the Ranch was turned over to the Remount.
Crabbet, Maynesboro, Kellogg. Also includes horses that are unique American desert sources, such as the Hearst/Sunical imports, the Davenports, etc. A few other horses are also allowed under this umbrella. To be considered CMK, a horse must: 1) have a CMK sire line. 2) have a CMK dam line or a dam line established in the US prior to 1950. 3) be of at least 75% CMK ancestry.
Please Note: I have not been able to find a precise definition for this category. While the CMK status of the majority of foundation horses are known, nonetheless I have, at different times, received conflicting information regarding a few animals. Therefore I cannot be quite sure whether they are CMK founder animals or not, i.e. whether they should count towards the percentage or not.
Horses that were imported by or bred by Brig. General J. M. Dickinson at his Travelers Rest Farm.
Abbas Pasha Source:
Horses that came from the Abbas Pasha stud in Egypt in the mid-1800s. I have found this category to be pretty difficult to pin down, because records are spotty at best. I have relied heavily on the Al Khamsa books to define these horses, but have also relied on other sources.
Horses that trace to the Doyle foundation horses Gulida, Ghadaf, and Nusi. These horses are 100% Crabbet/Blunt, 100% Al Khamsa, 95%+ Egyptian, but are NOT "Straight Egyptian".
WR Brown/Maynesboro Stud:
Horses that were imported by or bred by WR Brown at his Maynesboro Stud.
Abbas Pasha/Ali Pasha Sherif Source:
Horses that came from the Abbas Pasha and/or the Ali Pasha Sherif studs in Egypt. (Includes the Abbas Pasha Source percentage above.) Again, I have relied heavily on the Al Khamsa books to define these horses, but have used other reference sources as well.
BAHC Source (Blue List or BLUE STAR):
Horses that are mentioned in the Blue Arabian Horse Catalog (BAHC) as being either Blue List or BLUE STAR, in the main section or in the Foreign section of that work, which was last updated in 1969. Today's horses that trace in all lines to such animals, i.e. are 100% in this category, are commonly referred to as "Blue List eligible".
BLUE STAR Source:
Horses that are mentioned in the Blue Arabian Horse Catalog (BAHC) as being BLUE STAR, in the main section or in the Foreign section of that work, which was last updated in 1969. Today's horses that trace in all lines to such animals, i.e. are 100% in this category, are commonly referred to as "BLUE STAR eligible".
The horses rescued by General Patton at the end of WW II and imported to the US by the US Government.
Any horse bred by Gerald Donoghue and family.
Albert W Harris:
Horses imported by or bred by Albert W. Harris.
The horses imported from Egypt by Henry B. Babson.
The horses owned by the Duke of Veragua in Spain; specifically the horses accepted as Purebred Arabian even though they could not be identified after the papers were destroyed during the Spanish Civil War.
Old Babolna (pre-WW II):
Horses bred at the Babolna Stud in Hungary before WW II.
Old German (Weil):
Horses bred at the Weil/Marbach stud before WW II.
North American Desert Source:
Horses imported to the US/Canada that were bred born in The Desert (Arabia, Syria, etc.) Does not include horses from desertbred parents that were bred in another country.
Early American Foundation (vol V):
Horses that were registered in the Arabian Horse Club Registry of America stud book volume V. Includes registrations 1 thru 2924, roughly thru 1944. These horses are designated "Early American Foundation" by the AFAHA. Note: Volume V included all the horses from volumes I thru IV, so in effect, volume V is the first volume.
American (thru vol VIII):
Horses that were registered in the Arabian Horse Club Registry of America stud book volumes V thru VIII. Includes registrations 1 thru 11707, roughly thru 1956.
American Foundation (thru vol X):
Horses that were registered in the Arabian Horse Club Registry of America stud book volumes V thru X. Includes registrations 1 thru 16016, roughly thru 1959. These horses are designated "American Foundation" by the AFAHA.
American (thru vol XV):
Horses that were registered in the Arabian Horse Club Registry of America stud book volumes V thru XV. Includes registrations 1 thru 30726, roughly thru 1964.
Old English (pre-WW II; AHS only, not incl. GSB):
Horses that were imported to England before WW II but not registered with GSB.
El Emir, Mesaoud, Witez II, Ghazala, Image, Raffles, Skowronek, Nazeer, Moniet El Nefous, & *Nasik:
The percentage of blood of these particular horses.
Al Khamsa Ancestral Elements:
The Al Khamsa Ancestral Elements categories are as defined in the Al Khamsa books. Where Blue List/BLUE STAR horses are not mentioned in the Al Khamsa books, I have put them into what I considered the appropriate categories. The ones that didn't fit were entered as BAHC AK Ancestral Element . The Rogers imports are entered as Rogers AK Ancestral Element . Other elements I added was: 1) Inshass (Badr) AK Ancestral Element , which is the Inshass Al Khamsa Elements of Besheir El Ashkar and Badria, , accepted to the AK roster in 1995. 2) (Sunical) AK Ancestral Element , which are the Hearst/Sunical horses accepted by Al Khamsa. The only horse currently in this category is *Layya, accepted to the AK roster in 2002. 3) (Bistany) AK Ancestral Element , which are the Bistany imports accepted by Al Khamsa. The only horse currently in this category is *Al-Mashoor, accepted to the AK roster in 2002
I kept these categories separate because they were accepted into Al Khamsa after the Al Khamsa II book was released.
One category that does not quite belong here is the (El Nasser) Ancestral Element . El Nasser was a horse imported to Egypt and acquired by the EAO in 1947. He is not, as of yet, included in the AK roster, but is up for a vote at the 2003 convention, so it seems reasonable to report him here as a separate category. A large segment of Straight Egyptian horses are AK+El Nasser.
Note: I have recently moved the AK percentages from the certain circumstances only category (below) to the always category, because I think they are quite informative for all horses; not only for the AK ones.
The categories shown below are shown only under certain circumstances, but I can show them on all horses if you specifically ask for them.
An Australian designation. Early Australian bloodlines, including some Crabbet.
This percentage is shown only for horses registered in Australia.
Al Khamsa Ancestral Elements:
The Total AK Ancestral Elements percentage is shown only for Al Khamsa horses, or those that are Al Khamsa except for El Nasser.
The categories shown below are 'invisible', i.e. I do not show them unless you specifically ask for them.
Kellogg (all Kellogg owned horses):
Any horse that was owned by or bred by WK Kellogg. Does not include horses bred after the Kellogg Ranch was turned over to the Remount.
The horses imported by Richard Pritzlaff from Egypt, Rabanna and her foals, and the Faarad get from Pritzlaff mares listed as being bred by Mr Pritzlaff. I have purposely not included the Ansata El Salim get even though a lot of them are listed as being bred by Mr Pritzlaff and carry the 'RSI' tag, because, to the best of my knowledge, they were in actuality bred by the Grows from mares on lease from Mr Pritzlaff.
Babson (all Babson imports):
All the horses imported by Henry B. Babson, from Egypt, Poland, and England.
Old French (pre-WW II):
Horses that were bred in France before WW II.
Old Polish/Russian (pre-1910):
Horses that were bred in Poland before 1910. Includes horses from Pre-Revolution Russia.
Old Spanish (pre-WW II):
Horses that were bred in Spain before WW II.
Horses that are not documented to trace to Desertbred stock, such as many of the old Polish dam lines or the Veragua mares of Spain. Horses with documented non-Arabian blood are also included in this category, but by far the most common is simply that the horse's ancestry was not documented for one reason or other.
Original Arabian Element:
Horses that can can be reasonably assumed to be of Desertbred stock. I have not been too nitpicky in this distinction, and have included any animal reported as being imported from the Desert, including some old European horses that passed through several hands between their reported Desert origin and the time when they ended up at the stud where they were used, and as such would NEVER be considered eligible for Asil or AK.
Horses that are listed in the main section of the Blue Arabian Horse Catalog (BAHC). This category does not include horses that are only listed in the Foreign section of that work, so no horses imported after 1969 are considered founders for this category.
BLUE STAR or Blue List:
Horses that are listed in the Blue Arabian Horse Catalog as being either "BLUE STAR" or "BLUE STAR or Blue List".
1) Horses that are listed in the Blue Arabian Horse Catalog as being "BLUE STAR". 2) *Wadduda. 3) *Ibn Hafiza.
The Al Khamsa elements are mutually exclusive, i.e. adding all the different Al Khamsa elements together will never result in more than 100%.
The Unknown/Non-Arab Ancestry and Original Arabian Element are mutually exclusive, i.e. adding the two together will never result in more than 100%.
All the other percentages are arrived at independently of each other, so a horse could conceivably be 100% of several different groups.
To calculate the percentages for any horse, one must first know the percentages for the sire and dam. Then, doing each percentage separately, add the one from the sire to the one from the dam and divide by two.
I have arrived at all these percentages by painstakingly identifying each ancestor as to which categories he/she belongs to. Then I used the above formula to calculate each subsequent generation until I arrived at today's horses, in many cases 20+ generations from the original ancestors.
Other preservation breeding groups I currently keep track of on an 'all-or-nothing' basis rather than via percentages:
French (from desertbred)
Sublist AK+Nureddin (Al Khamsa except *Nureddin II)
Sublist AK+Soldateska (Al Khamsa except Soldateska)
Presumed Asil but not verified
BLUE STAR or Blue List
Blue List except Nafaa 1941 and/or Mabrouka 1930, who are presumed Blue List
Sublist Nureddin (Blue except *Nureddin II)
Sublist Dwarka (Blue except Dwarka)
Sublist Basilisk (Blue except Basilisk)
Heirloom + El Deree (Heirloom except one or more lines to El Deree)
Crabbet + *Mirage
Crabbet with AHS-but-not-GSB blood
Pritzlaff (the Egyptian imports + Rabanna and her foals)
Early American Foundation