(c) Orly Yahalom
Karak (Kerak) Castle, a partial view
The castle was built by the Crusaders, though it has seen many subsequent residents and invaders. Most famously, the castle is known for the battle between the Muslim leader, Saladin, and Raynald of Châtillon, who was the Crusader Lord of Oultrejordain (Transjordan).
Saladin and Raynald have signed peace treaties, but Raynald has broken them, and attaked caravans of pilgrims to Mecca, since despite his title he was merely a robber. Saladin's forces have led a long siege on Karak's castle. After capturing it, Saladin allowed the ordinary Crusaders to leave freely, but executed Raynald in person.