Militaires d'Haiti. (ca.1795 to 1995).

Prepared & maintained by Emmanuel Ardouin & Frankie Morone.

The historic pictures were obtained by Frankie Morone on various websites. The others are courtesy of Professor Ernst & his son Bob Danache, Grégoire Dadompré, Francky Jn. Baptiste, Edouard Boucicaut & Jean-Pierre Cloutier. Anyone who wants to contribute to this album can send pictures jpeg format to: pikliz@pikliz.com. Prepared and maintained by Manny Ardouin: eardouin@hotmail.com

Narration by Frankie Morone.

The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804) is the most successful slave rebellions in the Western Hemisphere. It established Haiti as a free country ruled by blacks and mulattoes. At the time of the revolution, Haiti was known as Saint-Domingue the most prosperous colony of France. That is why it was called " La perle des antilles". Through the revolution, people of African ancestry (mostly) freed themselves from French colonization and from slavery. Although several rebellions took place during that era, only the revolt at Saint-Domingue, beginning in Aug.1791, succeeded in permanently liberating an entire island. Twenty years earlier Vincent Ogé and Jn Baptiste Chavannes tried to fight for certain rights for the slaves; they failed and paid a hefty price.

The Battle of Vertières, took place on November 18, 1803. It was fought between the Haitian army led by Jean - Jacques Dessalines and the French colonial army under the command of Rochambeau. The new nation of Haiti had an army in the real sense of the word.

It was until the American Occupation (1915-1934) that the Marines under the order of the US Government created a different type of Haitian Army. That "Haitian army" was probably one of the surest and staunchest allies of the United States in Haiti . At the beginning it did some police work. The Haitian army was always able to deliver a coup d’état with the tacit and sometimes overt or covert approval of the US. Presidents Lescot & Estime were overthrown by the army.

Almost everyone would agree that the army has had a difficult history in Haiti and sometimes a negative impact on the country’s political process.

François Duvalier himself was afraid of that army. He knew that he could easily be forced into exile by that same army who ten years earlier forced Estime out. This is unquestionably why he created the VSN and the Tontons Macoutes a paramilitary force that would be able to face that army in an eventual coup d' etat attempt. He also had executed many officers in the army in the early 1960’s. He believed that they were potential coup d’état organizers. Several of these officers were of courses innocent. He acted irrationally and hastily. One also has to remember the position of Juan Bosh (the Dominican president vis a vis him.) They were bitter enemies.

Then later Prosper Avril, Henry Namphy left their marks on the army. No need to elaborate on that.

In 1991, Aristide was forced out. The army under General Raoul Cédras overthrew him in coup d' etat. Few years later,under pressure from the US (President Clinton), General Raoul Cedras and his acolytes had to leave Haiti in order for the duly elected president Aristide to return. It was then that Aristide gave the "coup de grace" to the army by dismantling it. (Again not the devil advocate that is understandable)

The role of an army is to protect the territorial integrity of a country, its people as well as its economy.

We invite to browse this album and enjoy these pictures.They are on the site to entertain and inform only.

Our staff has their personal view on a variety of subjects.

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Charles Turnier.

Army officer arrested and led by Colonel Octave Cayard to Francois Duvalier. Turnier was interrogated by the latest on the same day in the National Palace. It is said that Duvalier slapped in the face Officer Turnier who retaliated by spitting on Duvalier's face. The next day, the town was awaken by gun fires and later the government, announced that Officer Turnier was shot to death following an attempt to escape the prison barracks of Casernes Dessalines where he was killed.

Uploaded: November 02, 2008
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  • Cocottedepine United States (Private)
    4 years 3 months ago
    This is another friend of my family ; another defiant and honorable hero of Haiti ;he dared to walk where angels dont thread .He died an honorable death.Where are these types of people ;gone and anihilated by the magalomaniacs..they will rise again ! Their children and grandchildren should visit these pages and reclaim the land of Haiti.This time around ;they will probably do a better job at keeping the scallawags at bay..
    • (Anonymously) (Private)
      5 months ago
      I happen to be a direct descendant of this great man, I was born 2 months after his death. My sisters and I , with all of our children appreciate this forum and are grateful that his death didn't go unnoticed . We are proud to be part of a dynasty that is equivalent to "the Kennedy's " or "the Luther Kings"
      Thank you.
  • (Anonymously) (Private)
    9 months ago
    This is my grandmothers cousin and her maiden name is Turnier, I never knew much about him until now, thank you
  • (Anonymously) (Private)
    1 year 11 months ago
    I have an uncle who told me about this great man and today I finally have a chance to verify the story. I am so proud to bear the family name (Turnier).
    Thank you for posting this story. I just posted it on my facebook page to share with my friends. May God bless Haiti!

  • (Anonymously) (Private)
    5 years 4 months ago
    voici un Jacmelien non pas un Jeremien
    • (Anonymously) (Private)
      3 years 1 month ago
      Les noms de Milou Drouin et de Marcel Numa vous disent-ils quelque chose ?
      • JD (Private)
        3 years 1 month ago
        Bien sur!!!! Lisez les commentaires qui jonchent le "site" de PIKLIZ et vous y trouverez des reponses.
  • (Anonymously) (Private)
    3 years 7 months ago
    un vrai soldat
  • 5 years 3 months ago
    l'homme qui a fait l'histoire et, pionnier dans la resistance contre les mauvais genies et vagabonds du pays,, L'un des hero du temp, Hero de la famille, Vive notre cher Haiti elle ne tombera jamais
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